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3. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH THEORY3.1 QUALITATIVE RESEARCHQualitative research is a form of research in which the researcher collects and interprets data, meaning the researcher is as important in the research process as the participants and the data they provide. Reason and Rowan (2004) have argued that the core element of a qualitative research approach is to connect meanings to the experiences of respondents and their lives. According to Clissett (2008) qualitative research involves a variety of research methods that can be used to explore human experience, perceptions, motivations and behaviours. Qualitative research is characterised by collection and analysis of words in the form of speech or writing. Qualitative research therefore aims…show more content…
Sandelowski (1991) identified narrative research theory as one of the theories used in qualitative research. Reeves, Albert, Kuper, and Hodges (2008) also identified other theories such as: interactionism, critical theory, professionalization theory, labelling theory, and negotiated order theory. Although these are the only theories listed by the authors, there are various other theories used in qualitative research.3.4 WHICH THEORY IS BEST FOR MY…show more content…
Narrative research theory is the study of how human beings experience the world, and narrative researchers compile these stories via in-depth interviews and write narratives about the experience (Gudmundsdottir, 2001). The data collected in narrative research can be qualitative, quantitative, or both. In my research proposal I mentioned in the methodology section that my study will be mostly qualitative in nature but in some cases there will be some quantitative data. I also mentioned that my research will be investigating the Hammonds Farm area, with the intention of investigating the impact of relocations on the livelihoods of beneficiaries that were relocated from Ocean-Drive to Hammonds Farm. Since the study I will be doing involves a case study, the narrative research theory seems the most logical direction as it corresponds with the purpose of my study.3.4 HOW DOES THE THEORY REST ON EPISTEMOLOGY AND WHICH EPISTEMOLOGY IS MY THEORY BEST ALIGNED WITH?Narrative research theory involves the collection of data via interaction/interviews. The narrative theory data is sourced from an individual’s experience (story) and then interpreted by the researcher. The researcher comes to know about the phenomenon through interaction with the study subjects (Sandelowski, 1991). According to Yang (2011) narrative research theory is aligned with constructivism. Constructivism is built on the idea
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Introduction A qualitative study focuses on natural settings that are associated in everyday life. Typically, qualitative researchers often do their study on smaller sample sizes as they are not looking to establish a statistical generalization in their findings. Qualitative research does not involve statistical measures or quantity of any kind, instead it is the study that involves lived human experiences. A lived human experience can be interpreted as gaining personal knowledge in everyday life by living through something or being involved in life events.
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2.0. The Qualitative versus Quantitative Research debateAs previously shown, quantitative and qualitative methods stem from different ontologic, epistemologic and axiologic assumptions about the nature of research. Traditionally, quantitative methods are predominantly acknowledged within positivism whereas qualitative methods are dominant within the interpretivism or non-positivist studies (Bredillet, 2008). Generally speaking, quantitative methodology is concerned with attempts to quantify social phenomena and collect and analyze numerical data, and the use of statistical procedures to examine group means and variance (Ponterotto 2005; Tuli 2010). Qualitative methodology, on the other hand, is more concerned with understanding the meaning of
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The three descriptive research methods that I will discuss are Naturalistic Observation, Survey, and Case Study. Naturalistic Observation is a research method in which people or animals are observed in their natural habitat without any controls or variables. This type of research method may be conducted if you want to see how people truly act without being watched. For example, this research method may be used to determine who are healthier shoppers, men or women? The researcher would go to a food store and take count throughout the day of how many men and women he finds in the fruit and vegetable isles, and how many he find in the snack isles.
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It is primarily a subject oriented approach. In other words, the applicability of methods is mostly focused on the subject. Using qualitative research methodology, the researcher strives to comprehend the broad spectrum. The focus is on analysing the large volumes of data in a scientific and empirical way. This analysis relies on a particular case study, journals, online surveys and others.
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Narrative is generally accepted as possessing two components: the story presented and the process of its telling. A story can be presented in two basic ways, as a linear narrative and as a non-linear narrative. Linear narratives follow a straight line and non-linear narratives usually start at in the middle or in the height of conflict. Casablanca and Memento are two films which contrast in narrative approaches.
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Cut-off date 27 February. Part1: Essay. ‘Evaluate the contribution of a qualitative approach to research on friendship’. Part2: DE100 project report – Method.
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Martyna BiesRE 8Chapter 2 by Alan Bryman titled Social Research Strategies goes into great detail about the variety of considerations that fall into conducting social research. Bryman emphasizes the importance of understanding types of theories and research, as well as epistemological and ontological issues in the field. The relationship between theory and research are critical to understand because when conducting social research there are a two particular questions the researcher must answer for effective research. The first question a researcher must answer is what theory is being talked about?
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In sociology, there are three theoretical perspectives; symbolic interactionism, functional analysis and conflict theory. The major point of symbolic interactionism is to use symbols to help understand how we as a society view the world, and how we communicate with one another. In functional analysis, the major point is to look at society as a whole, constructed of various parts, or groups, that all have their own function. Lastly, conflict theory is the opposite of functional analysis. In this perspective, society is viewed as different groups, each competing for power, or dominance.
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Three possible theories that can be applied are the psychodynamic theory, systems theory, and the feminist theory. The Psychodynamic theory involves working on a micro level,
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Qualitative Critique Review The research article, “ Perceptions of patient-provider communication in breast and cervical cancer-related care: A qualitative study of low-income English and Spanish- speaking women. The article is qualitative study because its aim is to explore perceptions of Spanish-speakers who experience a experience a combination of patient-provider language concordance and discordance through the care continuum. It uses direct quotations of the participants to explain its findings. Melissa Simon, Daiva Ragas, Narissa Nonzee, Ava Phisuthikul , Thanh Luu, XinQi Dong, who are the authors of article, collected and analyzed the data.
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A cross-sectional qualitative study using purposive sampling to select children of differing ages was conducted. One researcher with a history in qualitative studies interviewed the 32 children participating in the study. The researcher held practice interviews with a colleague with experience interviewing children. When possible children were interviewed in their home, although 3 of the children were interviewed in a hospital setting. Interviews lasted between 17 and 90 minutes.
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Qualitative Research Appraisal Mounica SomaTexas State University Completed in partial fulfillment of the requirements forHA 5301: Healthcare Administration Research MethodsOctober, 2015 Introduction:The article titled “Family Physicians’ Perceptions on How They Deliver Cost-Effective Care” presented a study on the effects of family physician availability on healthcare costs and outcomes. Primary care family physicians play an important role in the provision of comprehensive, integrated, accessible healthcare services that satisfy the needs of patients (WHO, 2003). A review of Starfield et al (2005) has shown that health is better in areas with more
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The author used a qualitative interview survey to determine how practitioners defined social care, whether they practiced it, and what factors influenced their practice, and the information bases they used. Findings from the analysis identified that the personal domain had considerable influence on day-to-day practice, and five themes emerged describing the personal domain: ‘life experiences’, ‘beliefs and values’, ‘ideas and theories’, ‘personal relationships’, and ‘personal characteristics’. I feel this contribution is relevant to the topic because it opens space to explore personal domain challenges for social work practitioners and students, to critically reflect on how life experiences, beliefs/values, ideas/ theories and personal relationships,
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The analysis of the qualitative assessment results identifies several usability problems that need to be considered in more detail. One of these problems has to do with the cognitive load. According to Zahavi  information overload appears when the ability to perceive and understand is exceeded by the amount of informatin presented by a user interface, to the point of facilitating information processing errors. Further work related with this topic should be done, namely to achieve a better organization of the information and an improved version of the graphical design, too flat with poor color contrast. In addition to problems with the cognitive load, the analysis indicates potential problems in the effective presentation of the information.