Ultimate List of Psychological Disorders - Visions Treatment Centers (2023)

This list is not meant to note down every single disorder known to the psychiatric community – for that, we refer readers to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, published in May 2013.

There is no list more comprehensive and complete than the DSM itself, which serves as a continuously updated body of knowledge providing a consensus on various conditions, many of which have only recently been discovered and studied, others of which have been the subject of study and interest for decades.

Instead, this list is meant to provide readers and parents with an overview of what psychological disorders and related mental health conditions teens commonly struggle with, as well as how each of these psychological disorders are defined.

Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Neurodevelopmental disorders refer to conditions related to an abnormal or slowed development of the brain, usually identified in early childhood or infancy. These include a vast array of conditions defined by diminished brain function in regards to things like regulating emotion, self-control, learning ability, and intellect. Some examples of neurodevelopmental disorders include:

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Intellectual Disability

Intellectual disability is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by severe cognitive delays. Children who are diagnosed with an intellectual disability will struggle to learn and interact with the world around them at the same pace as their peers. They may score significantly lower in IQ tests, take longer to learn to walk and crawl, and develop communicative skills at a slower pace.

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Now better understood as a complex disorder with a variety of symptoms, autism is best defined as a neurodevelopmental disorder with symptoms such as reduced social skills, problems with nonverbal communication, repetitive behaviors, and more.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior. While it is usually diagnosed in children, it does last into adulthood (as do many other neurodevelopmental conditions), and it affects many adults as well.

Learning Disorders

Learning disorders refer to conditions such as dyslexia, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia. While not limited to these conditions, learning disorders are usually characterized by severe difficulty with information processing, often due to differences in the brain.

Communication Disorders

Communication disorders are characterized by a limited ability to speak, including slurred or stuttered speaking and other forms of verbal difficulty. Communication disorders can also include nonverbal and graphic communication problems, and their symptoms vary from mild to very severe.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a condition split into two major components: obsessions and compulsions.

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    • Obsessions are often delusional or illogical thoughts that are intrusive and persistent and remain with a person for years or decades. They can range from severe paranoia of germs or the strong belief that something terrible might happen.
    • Compulsions are coping mechanisms born out of these intrusive obsessions, often just as nonsensical as the obsessions themselves. They may be ritualistic or repetitive or exist as a strict rule set to be followed before every action. OCD symptoms can range from mild to severe depending on how they impede on day-to-day living, but even mild cases require long-term treatment.

Personality Disorders

Personalities are a complex interplay of behavior, thinking, and feeling. The APA describes personalities as “individual differences in characteristic patterns”, and while people come with all sorts of personalities, some patterns of thinking and behaving are far outside of the norm and suggest disorder. Personality disorders can be split into three major clusters:

    • Cluster A (Eccentric): Cluster A is characterized by odd thinking and delusions, and includes paranoid personality disorder, schizotypal personality disorder, and schizoid personality disorder.
    • Cluster B (Dramatic): Cluster B is characterized by overly dramatic behavior, manipulation, and antisocial behavior. Cluster B includes antisocial personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, and histrionic personality disorder.
    • Cluster C (Anxious): Cluster C is characterized by signs of severe anxiety and paranoia. It includes avoidant personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (not to be confused with OCD), and dependent personality disorder.

Disruptive Disorders

Disruptive behavior disorders, which include conduct disorder, impulse control disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and other related conditions (such as the more well-known examples of pyromania and kleptomania) refer to behavioral disorders characterized by a severe number of dangerous behaviors, often identified during childhood and adolescence.

Disruptive disorders don’t refer to isolated incidents or mistakes. To diagnose a child with a disruptive behavior disorder, they must display aggressive and dangerous behavior on multiple occasions, with long-lasting symptoms, and a variety of settings and situations (i.e. it doesn’t only occur at school).

Trauma and Stress Disorders

Trauma and/or stress disorders usually refer to two disorders: acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Acute stress disorder refers to symptoms of a stress disorder developing immediately after a stressful or traumatic event but lasting no more than about a month. Post-traumatic stress, on the other hand, can last years or longer, and can develop after an acute stress disorder or as late as six months after the traumatic event occurred.

The effect trauma can have on the mind is best described by the word’s original meaning: a mark is left on the survivor, and stress disorders are characterized by symptoms of carrying that mark, including avoidant symptoms and dissociation, as well as intrusive thoughts and flashbacks, and prominent symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Dissociative Disorders

Dissociative disorders center on the concept of dissociation, which is described as splitting from oneself, from reality, or from both. A person can dissociate from who they are, or they can dissociate from the moment. Symptoms of dissociation are varied and may occur after emotional or physical trauma to the head. They include dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, depersonalization, and dissociative identity disorder (previously called multiple personality disorder).

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Eating Disorders

Eating disorders often co-occur with other conditions and may in some cases be heavily related to body dysmorphic disorder (an anxiety disorder centered around appearance). The two eating disorders most people are familiar with are bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa. Others include binge eating disorder, pica, avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, and rumination disorder.

Mood Disorders

Mood disorders include two major types of disorder: depression, and bipolar disorder. Depressive disorders come in many shapes and sizes, including dysthymia, major depressive disorder, perimenstrual dysphoric disorder, perinatal depression, seasonal affective disorder, and persistent depressive disorder among others.

Bipolar disorder is characterized by a cycle between a state with depressive episodes and a state with manic episodes. These shifts occur only a handful of times a year, and anything more than four shifts per year is considered a rapid cycling bipolar disorder. Bipolar is also split into two types: bipolar I involves severe mania and depression, while bipolar II involves milder symptoms of mania (hypomania) coupled with severe depression.

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are a group of disorders characterized by excessive or extreme fear or worry. Some common forms of anxiety disorders include general anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and other phobias. Anxiety disorders are some of the most common psychiatric conditions in the world and affect more people than any other type of mental health issue.

While there are several different types of anxiety (particularly when counting specific phobias, which are real and debilitating), their ongoing theme is a persistent and irrational fear. It is normal to worry and feel unease given the appropriate situation, but sometimes, an overload of stress and other conditions can lead to a continued state of panic and fear even in a calm setting.

Substance Use Disorders

Substance use disorders are the DSM equivalent of an addiction, with a strict diagnostic criterion to differentiate between recreational use, problem use, and a disorder. An addiction, as defined by the NIDA, is the continued and compulsive use of an addictive substance despite negative consequences.

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A substance use disorder is characterized by a series of social, psychological, and physical symptoms indicating frequent drug use. Substance use disorder can vary from mild to severe, with different symptoms and treatments. Not all substances are addictive, and most substance use disorders are generally limited to the following types of addictive drugs:

    • Stimulants
    • Depressants
    • Psychedelics
    • Opioids

Like opioids, marijuana does not cleanly fall into any category and is considered its own type of psychoactive drug. While many of these drugs have medical uses (from anti-anxiety medication to painkillers like codeine and various cannabinoids), they can also cause a substance use disorder.

Seeking Help for Psychological Disorders

Many of the conditions listed above are a lifelong issue and cannot be “cured”. However, they can be managed, and in most cases, especially when addressed with professional attention in the teen years, they can be mitigated to the point that the patient can live a long and prosperous life despite their diagnosis.

Some of the most brilliant people in the world have struggled with psychological disorders and related issues, and we must come to learn that these problems, when managed in a proper way, do not necessarily impede on a person’s potential or their chances for a happy life.

However, addressing psychological disorders and other mental health related issues in a timely fashion is critical. Some conditions respond best to treatment when treated as soon as possible. Be sure to work with a reputable clinic or team of professionals when seeking ways to help your teen (or yourself) cope with psychological disorders.

FAQs

What are the 12 psychological disorders? ›

Or, if you prefer, you may search an alphabetized list of all treatments.
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adults)
  • Bipolar Disorder.
  • Borderline Personality Disorder.
  • Child and Adolescent Disorders.
  • Chronic or Persistent Pain.
  • Depression.
  • Eating Disorders and Obesity.
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder.

What are 8 of the 16 major categories of psychological disorders? ›

  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders.
  • Bipolar and Related Disorders.
  • Anxiety Disorders.
  • Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders.
  • Dissociative Disorders.
  • Somatic Symptom Disorders.
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders.
  • Sleep-Wake Disorders.

What are the 6 types of treatment for mental disorders? ›

Most mental health practitioners practice one of six types of psychotherapy:
  • Behavioral therapy.
  • Cognitive therapy.
  • Interpersonal therapy.
  • Psychoanalysis.
  • Psychodynamic psychotherapy.
  • Supportive psychotherapy.

What are the 3 main kinds of treatment for mental disorders? ›

Mental Health Treatments
  • Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is the therapeutic treatment of mental illness provided by a trained mental health professional. ...
  • Medication. Medication does not outright cure mental illness. ...
  • Hospitalization. ...
  • Support Group. ...
  • Complementary & Alternative Medicine. ...
  • Self Help Plan. ...
  • Peer Support.

What mental disorders qualify for disability? ›

Mental illnesses that can be covered by Social Security disability include depression, anxiety and anxiety-related disorders, autism, ADHD, learning disabilities, and intellectual disability.

What are the 10 types of mental disorders? ›

Many people also experience stigma, discrimination and violations of human rights.
  • Anxiety Disorders. ...
  • Depression. ...
  • Bipolar Disorder. ...
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) ...
  • Schizophrenia. ...
  • Eating Disorders. ...
  • Disruptive behaviour and dissocial disorders. ...
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders.
8 Jun 2022

What are the 7 main mental disorders? ›

What Are the 7 types of Mental Disorders?
  • Anxiety Disorders.
  • Mood Disorders.
  • Psychotic Disorders.
  • Eating Disorders.
  • Personality Disorders.
  • Dementia.
  • Autism.
6 Apr 2021

What are the top 10 mental disorders? ›

This article examines ten of the most common mental illnesses among American adults.
  • Depression. ...
  • Dissociative Disorders. ...
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) ...
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. ...
  • Schizophrenia. ...
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. ...
  • Eating Disorders. ...
  • Addiction & Substance Abuse.
7 Jan 2022

What is the most treatable mental illness? ›

Depression is among the most treatable of mental disorders. Between 80% and 90% percent of people with depression eventually respond well to treatment.

What are 4 possible treatments to mental disorders? ›

To help, here is a list of some of the more common types of medications used to treat the symptoms of mental illnesses.
  • Antidepressants. ...
  • Anti-anxiety medications. ...
  • Mood stabilizers. ...
  • Antipsychotic medications. ...
  • Long-acting injectable antipsychotics. ...
  • Psychotherapy. ...
  • Rehabilitation and skills training. ...
  • Support groups.

What are 4 common treatments for mental health disorders? ›

If you have a mild mental illness with well-controlled symptoms, treatment from your primary care provider may be sufficient.
...
Medications
  • Antidepressants. ...
  • Anti-anxiety medications. ...
  • Mood-stabilizing medications. ...
  • Antipsychotic medications.
8 Jun 2019

What are 5 treatments for mental illness? ›

They include:
  • Psychotherapy or counseling. This also is called talk therapy. ...
  • Prescription medicine. ...
  • Support groups. ...
  • Other therapies. ...
  • ECT or other brain stimulation therapy. ...
  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy. ...
  • Hospital or residential treatment program.
7 Feb 2018

What is the most serious type of mental disorder? ›

By all accounts, serious mental illnesses include “schizophrenia-spectrum disorders,” “severe bipolar disorder,” and “severe major depression” as specifically and narrowly defined in DSM. People with those disorders comprise the bulk of those with serious mental illness.

What is the deadliest disorder? ›

Anorexia nervosa is linked to the highest mortality rate of all, and sadly, one in five individuals with anorexia who die take their own life, according to findings in Archives of General Psychiatry.

What is the most harmful disorder? ›

Top 10 Deadly Diseases in the World
  1. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) CAD is a condition where vessels supplying blood to the heart become narrowed.
  2. Stroke. ...
  3. Lower Respiratory Infections (LRI) ...
  4. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) ...
  5. Diarrheal Diseases. ...
  6. HIV/AIDS. ...
  7. Respiratory Cancers. ...
  8. Tuberculosis. ...

How much disability can you get for depression and anxiety? ›

10% VA Rating for Depression and Anxiety.

What do I tell my psychiatrist to get disability? ›

The best thing to tell a psychiatrist to get disability is the truth about what you are going through. Don't exaggerate, try to impress or worry about what a mental health professional is thinking about you.

How do I know if my mental health is a disability? ›

If your mental illness has a significant, adverse and long-term effect on your ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities, it is likely you are protected under disability discrimination law.

What are the 2 most common mental health disorders? ›

Right now, nearly 10 million Americans are living with a serious mental disorder. The most common are anxiety disorders major depression and bipolar disorder.

What are 2 common mental disorders? ›

Some common ones include:
  • Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and phobias.
  • Depression, bipolar disorder, and other mood disorders.
  • Eating disorders.
  • Personality disorders.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder.
  • Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia.
30 May 2020

How many total mental disorders are there? ›

There are nearly 300 mental disorders listed in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). This is a handbook used by health professionals to help identify and diagnose mental illness. Some of the main groups of mental disorders are: mood disorders (such as depression or bipolar disorder)

What are the 5 mood disorders? ›

The most common types of mood disorders are major depression, dysthymia (dysthymic disorder), bipolar disorder, mood disorder due to a general medical condition, and substance-induced mood disorder.

What are the 9 mental disorders? ›

9 common mental health disorders and how to recognize them
  • Depression. ...
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder. ...
  • Panic Disorder. ...
  • Schizophrenia. ...
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder. ...
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. ...
  • Borderline Personality Disorder. ...
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

What are 3 things that cause mental disorders? ›

What causes mental health problems?
  • childhood abuse, trauma, or neglect.
  • social isolation or loneliness.
  • experiencing discrimination and stigma, including racism.
  • social disadvantage, poverty or debt.
  • bereavement (losing someone close to you)
  • severe or long-term stress.
  • having a long-term physical health condition.

What are some extreme mental disorders? ›

What are Serious Mental Illnesses?
  • Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes intense shifts in mood, energy, and activity levels. ...
  • Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most common mental disorders. ...
  • Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that causes people to interpret reality abnormally.
28 Jun 2022

What are the 6 major mental illnesses? ›

Related to Mental Health
  • ADHD.
  • Anxiety & Panic Disorders.
  • Bipolar Disorder.
  • Crisis Assistance.
  • Depression.
  • Eating Disorders.
  • Health & Balance.
  • Personality Disorders.
21 Apr 2021

Is anxiety a chemical imbalance? ›

But researchers don't know exactly what causes anxiety disorders. They suspect a combination of factors plays a role: Chemical imbalance: Severe or long-lasting stress can change the chemical balance that controls your mood. Experiencing a lot of stress over a long period can lead to an anxiety disorder.

Can you fully heal from mental illness? ›

There's no cure for mental illness, but there are lots of effective treatments. People with mental illnesses can recover and live long and healthy lives.

What are 3 major mental health disorders that are most common in older adults? ›

It is estimated that 20% of people age 55 years or older experience some type of mental health concern (6). The most common conditions include anxiety, severe cognitive impairment, and mood disorders (such as depression or bipolar disorder) (6).

Which is the most widely used treatment today for mental disorders? ›

There are several different types of drugs available to treat mental illnesses. Some of the most commonly used are antidepressants, anti-anxiety, antipsychotic, mood stabilizing, and stimulant medications.

What to do if someone is mentally unstable and won't get help? ›

Call the California Peer-Run Warmline for mental and emotional support at (855) 845-7415.

Can you overcome mental illness without medication? ›

Most people use a combination of treatments to help meet their needs. Things like therapy, brain stimulation, supplements, and self-care are scientifically-backed as effective ways to reduce the symptoms of certain mental illnesses.

What are 5 signs symptoms that someone may need help with a mental disorder? ›

Symptoms
  • Feeling sad or down.
  • Confused thinking or reduced ability to concentrate.
  • Excessive fears or worries, or extreme feelings of guilt.
  • Extreme mood changes of highs and lows.
  • Withdrawal from friends and activities.
  • Significant tiredness, low energy or problems sleeping.
8 Jun 2019

What are the 10 psychological disorders? ›

10 Types of Mental Health Disorders
  • Anxiety Disorders. ...
  • Bipolar Disorder. ...
  • Depression. ...
  • Dissociative Disorders. ...
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) ...
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. ...
  • Schizophrenia. ...
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
7 Jan 2022

What are the 13 psychological factors? ›

The 13 factors of psychological health and safety in the workplace are:
  • Organizational Culture.
  • Psychological and Social Support.
  • Clear Leadership & Expectations.
  • Civility & Respect.
  • Psychological Demands.
  • Growth & Development.
  • Recognition & Reward.
  • Involvement & Influence.

What is the most serious psychological disorder? ›

By all accounts, serious mental illnesses include “schizophrenia-spectrum disorders,” “severe bipolar disorder,” and “severe major depression” as specifically and narrowly defined in DSM. People with those disorders comprise the bulk of those with serious mental illness.

What are the 7 major mental disorders? ›

What Are the 7 types of Mental Disorders?
  • Anxiety Disorders.
  • Mood Disorders.
  • Psychotic Disorders.
  • Eating Disorders.
  • Personality Disorders.
  • Dementia.
  • Autism.
6 Apr 2021

What are the deadliest disorders? ›

If you think depression, schizophrenia, or bipolar disorder are the mental illnesses most commonly linked to an early death, you're wrong. Eating disorders—including anorexia nervosa, bulimia, and binge eating— are the most lethal mental health conditions, according to research in Current Psychiatry Reports.

What are the two universal psychological disorders? ›

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) Anxiety Disorders.

What are the 6 most common mental illnesses? ›

Common mental health problems
  • Depression.
  • Generalised anxiety disorder.
  • Panic disorder.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder.
25 May 2011

What are the six potent psychological factors? ›

Ryff developed the Scales of Psychological Well-being (SPWB) which is composed of six sub-scales in accordance with the six factors of positive functioning, namely autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, purpose in life, positive relations with others and self-acceptance [21, 24].

What are the 5 factors affecting mental health? ›

Experiences such as the way we are treated by others, our financial situation, our relationships, where we work, life changes and our physical health all affect our mental health.

What are the four risk factors for psychological disorders? ›

Variable risk factors include income level, peer group, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), and employment status.

What psychiatric disorder has the highest death rate? ›

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a common eating disorder with the highest mortality rate of all psychiatric diseases.

What is the most common mental disorder in later life? ›

Key facts. At least one in four older adults experiences some mental disorder, such as depression, anxiety, or dementia. Due to population aging, the number of seniors with mental disorders is expected to double by 2030. Depression is the most common mental health problem in older people.

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